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开放拼车 有助缓解交通压力

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发表于 2013-7-25 09:12:39 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
   近段时间,各城市治堵政策再成舆论热议话题。有城市再提限行限购,有城市计划提高收费。而其中最具亮点的,当属北京相关部门将“拼车”推至公众的视野的相关考虑。

    据报道,继出租车合乘政策出炉后,北京市年内还计划出台私家小客车“拼车”指导意见。目前一些细节已明确,包括对公益性拼车的鼓励支持,比如评选“合乘达人”、奖励社会效益显著的合乘网站。同时,对合乘费用的分担,不简单地认为是非法运营,对以合乘名义进行非法运营的则将依法处理。

    实际上,在政府相关部门公开讨论“拼车”可能性之时,民间的“拼车”已呈燎原之势。在网络上搜索,目前多个一线大城市都有形式不同的民间拼车网站,以公益性质为当地市民提供拼车服务。虽然地方政府至今也未曾听闻执法部门对拼车行为进行查处,尽管管理部门在形式上默许了这种出行方式,但从未承认其合法化。此次北京管理部门计划官方出台拼车指导意见,或意味着管理部门开始为其正名———“拼车”合法化指日可待。

    “拼车”其实也是一个老生常谈的问题,这种在国外已是较成熟的出行方式,例如德国、新加坡等地若赶上交通高峰期,即使是私家车,空车上路也会被罚款;中国早就开始实行出租车“合乘制”。这些国家大城市的共性就是车多路少,因此将“拼车”作为缓解交通压力的手段。目前,我国很多一线城市的交通也呈现相似的特点,因此在出行方式上,与成熟国家和地区“接轨”也是必然趋势。

    此前有调查显示,北京7中国是私家车,在中国这样的城市比例更高,在上下班高峰期超近8成的车内只有司机1人,不能不说,这是对城市道路资源和能源的极大浪费。以中国为例,如果拼车能减少10%车辆上路行驶,那么每天路面上将减少超过20万辆车,这个数字已接近每年春节期间出城车辆的一半。由此带来的好处,很多中国人应深有体会———在每年春节期间,中国的道路上可谓一路畅通,几无拥堵。

    尽管“拼车”这种形式存在一些先天的缺陷,但是我们不能因为这些缺陷而忽视其正面的作用,尤其是在交通压力已成一线城市日益突出问题的当下,有利于缓解道路压力的出行方式都值得提倡。而且,拼车出行也有利于社会资源节约,有利于环保,对城市环境也有着重要作用。

    目前,中国相关政府部门正在讨论制定今后的治堵之策,思路之一就是提高用车成本,减少道路上的行车车辆数量。从目前已获知的信息来看,多属于以“堵”治堵,以提高用车成本的方式将车辆堵在道路之外。若有关部门还能考虑采用拼车这种“疏”的方式,则或可令治堵政策效果得以更佳体现。中国采用经济调控手段治堵已属于城市管理上的一种进步,“拼车”这种在国外已较为成功的治堵手段,也应尽早纳入缓解城市道路交通压力措施的范围。



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