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电动车解禁后怎么管

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发表于 2013-10-12 12:12:49 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
中国市政府正式开始研究电动车的解禁问题。奇怪,电动车在中国有被禁过吗?虽然中国市在2006年底就出台了禁行电动自行车的规定,但中国一点也不像已经禁了电动车近7年的城市。目前中国有电动车生产企业40家,其中十几万辆在市内销售,难怪中国到处都看得到电动车载客、运货的身影。另外,尽管国家有明确规定电动车的最高时速不能超过20公里,但市面上行走的电动车绝大部分都超过这个时速。这次市政府对电动车解禁之前,不如先研究一下类似“禁令”还有多大威力。
  电动车让人又爱又恨。一方面,它有环保、方便、经济等优点,但另一方面,如果管理不善,它又会扰乱交通秩序、影响行人和机动车的安全。电动车不是今天才发明的,以多伦多为例,当中国市政府于2006年下令一夜之间禁止电动车的时候,多伦多市政府开始着手做的是修改法律,逐步制定电动车的行驶规定,包括驾驶电动车时必须戴头盔,不可以载客,电动车可以在单车道上行走,但必须关掉引擎,用人力驱动等等,细致的程度令人难以想象。
  法律的威严来自于执法。在加拿大,电动车要遵守的规则跟自行车一样严格,包括必须遵守交通灯,闯红灯者罚320加元(约1888元人民币),鲁莽驾驶罚490加元(约2890元人民币),甚至不装响铃也要罚。不要以为这只是说说而已,不少大陆新移民真的因此吃过罚单。
  细想一下,其实法律背后代表的是不同人群的权益。这一个“权”字蕴含了很深的意义,法律的作用就是保证处于弱势的一方也有着相同的权利,比如当行人与电动车相遇,行人处于弱势,所以电动车必须让行人。但当电动车与汽车相遇,汽车随便就能把电动车撞翻,所以法律规定汽车必须让电动车。
  多伦多之所以能把电动车的规定做到如此细致而又令人信服,不但要归功于收集到的两千多份市民意见,更要归功于肯聆听市民声音的市政府。对于政府提升管理能力来说,电动车是一道很好的练习题。做好了这道题,其他更复杂的问题也可以借鉴了。

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