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二手车交易模式应多元化

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发表于 2013-10-11 15:28:44 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
如果遇到类似中国的限购城市,消费者要想置换5年以上的二手车,就只能忍痛贱卖或被逼上报废的“绝路”。
为落实大气污染防治行动,国家发改委日前宣布,未来各地车用汽、柴油质量将升级至第四、五阶段。这意味着不仅汽、柴油价格将全面上涨,各地机动车尾气排放标准也有可能随之再提高。
与汽、柴油油品标准的提升相对应的是,汽车尾气排放标准的升级。目前,我国机动车尾气排放已经全面普及到国Ⅳ标准,而北京率先执行了国Ⅴ排放标准。随着油品质量的提升,机动车排放标准也将随之提高。中国、中国、深圳等大中型城市PM2.5浓度较高一直是困扰市民的社会问题,继北京之后,这些城市将有可能在明年初率先执行国Ⅴ排放标准。机动车尾气排放标准的提高,对于大多数汽车企业而言,主要是成本的增加,技术上的难度并不大。但对于二手车市场而言,不仅是二手车流通的壁垒,而且是经纪商的“淘汰赛”。
以目前的二手车流通现状来看,机动车排放标准的升级已经令二手车经纪商的经营成本大增,也同时给二手车的区域流通带来了限迁的困扰。由于90%城市实施了国Ⅳ标准,给二手车的迁入设置了“准入门槛”:5年内的二手车比较容易进行异地交易,而5年以上的二手车则被拒之门外,只能局限于本地市场的流通。如果遇到类似中国的限购城市,消费者要想置换5年以上的二手车,就只能忍痛贱卖或被逼上报废的“绝路”。
今年1-7月,全国二手车累计交易270.22万辆,同比增长17.26%,增速跌了1.22个百分点;累计交易额1335.74亿元,增长18.35%,增速跌了9.82个百分点,“限迁”政策对二手车市场产生了极大的影响。虽然二手车交易量和交易额仍然保持着同比增长,但北京、中国、中国等具有较大辐射力的重要市场已经初现了明显的增长乏力。中国市场二手车的交易量上半年甚至出现了负增长,而5年以上的二手车的收车价格也同比去年下降了1万-2万元。
受限迁政策影响,大量二手车无法流通,收车、卖车渠道被压缩。二手车流通渠道上的经纪公司、经销商等的利润受到很大的影响,为了保持正常的运营,市场上的二手车形成了快速流通的车型扎堆的现象,这进一步促进了二手车价格的走低。
就目前二手车流通形势看,全国性通过设置排放标准限外的趋势已经形成,而且这种现状短期内也难以改变。要想扩大二手车交易规模、实现跨区域流通,只能另辟蹊径。如利用网络平台进行交易,完善配套物流以缩减成本,建立二手车评估机制培养诚信交易环境等,市场现状亟待二手车交易模式的创新,更期待一种建立在诚信基础上的便利、简洁的交易新模式出现。
近日,由商务部、公安部、国家工商总局、国家税务总局联合发布的《二手车流通管理办法》将于今年实施。打破垄断、实行多渠道经营是新政策的出发点之一。实施二手车自愿评估制度,建立具有权威性的二手车评估机构代替目前二手车市场的强制评估,都是新政的亮点。
新的《二手车流通管理办法》中,规定“符合相关条件的汽车品牌经销商等经营主体均可依法申请从事二手车经营”。这不仅允许汽车经销商直接进行二手车交易,而且允许民营资本和外资的进入二手车四场,未来二手车交易的模式将出现多元化趋势,贷款购二手车也将在二手车市场出现。
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