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快递行业或将出现“地空”大战

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发表于 2013-10-11 16:27:20 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
中国铁路总公司本月15日实施货运组织改革,全面参与现代物流业竞争,改革货运受理方式、清理规范货运收费等多项措施也进一步降低了流通费用。
然而,虽然铁路寄件运费较快递公司低出一大截,但在配送时效上则较低,同时还有“最低消费”限制,寄1公斤和9公斤物品都得付39元,封装包装箱等费用需要额外支付。有消费者抱怨称,“铁路快运进步了,但是距离电商的路还很长”。
另外,有券商人士也指出,本次改革降低了货主负担的同时也为未来铁路货运提价预留了空间。
继3月份成立亮相以后,中国铁路总公司本月15日实施货运组织改革,全面参与现代物流业竞争。这是中国铁路总公司面向市场的首次重大改革。
据了解,这次铁路货运组织改革主要有四方面重大变化,改革货运受理方式,简化手续;改革运输组织方式;清理规范货运收费;大力发展铁路“门到门”全程物流服务,实行“门到门”全程“一口价”收费。对于大宗稳定货物,通过协议运输方式给予运力保障;对其他零散货物也是敞开受理,随到随办。
铁路货运启动改革后,中铁快运公司也启动改革工作。据了解,其部分业务已经划转到各铁路局,目前工作正在交接中。中铁快运方面也表态称,要做强发展小件快运物流的实力。
消费者:距离电商路还很长
据了解,通过铁路寄件虽然运费较快递公司低出一大截,但在配送时效上则较差,同时还有“最低消费”限制、封装费用额外计算等事项。
昨日记者拨打12306尝试从中国寄送一批杂物到中国,12306客服人员表示,每公斤4.3元,费用不含保价费、转运费、封装等费用,配送时效则是3~4天。对比之下,使用快递公司,从中国到中国每公斤运费则在10元到20多元,配送时间则在2~3天不等。
即使不介意时效,寄送小件物品的顾客还要面临“最低消费”的问题。昨日,一位中铁快运中国营业部人士对记者表示,尽量多装一些东西,因为最低运费要39元,包装箱也要10元一个。
不少消费者对此颇有抱怨,北京的一位消费者表示,铁路快运进步了但是距离电商的路还很长,一件一公斤以内的衣服从北京发中国最低消费35元,包装20元,四天到;“次晨达”是首重150元续重20元。记者按照最低消费39元计算,从中国到中国运送1公斤和9公斤的东西都需要付39元,通过铁路快运则是越重越划算,如果快件较少、较轻则可以通过快递公司寄送。
“高铁快件”铺开尚需时日
此次改革中,高铁快件是重点推荐城际“当日达”或“次晨达”等小件包裹快运服务。相比航空快件,高铁快件的成本优势比较明显,未来快递业也或出现“地空”大战。例如,从中国到中国,汽车方式成本约为0.3~0.4元/公斤,航空方式成本约为2元/公斤,高铁成本为1.5元/公斤,成本较航空低25%。

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