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恢复五一长假不仅为旅游休闲

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发表于 2013-10-11 16:04:50 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
一条条数不清的游客长龙、只见人头攒动不见景……在人山人海的景区,假日成了“堵日”。中国社会科学院旅游研究中心专家刘思敏认为,造成十一黄金周景区超载的最主要原因在于假日制度。增加长假供给可以起到疏的作用。“比如,恢复五一黄金周,增加其他法定假日时间等,假日制度更加人性化,让游客出行时间有更多选择,以此来缓解旅游需求和景区供给之间的矛盾。”
五一长假早已取消,十一长假旅游火爆并不奇怪。旅游市场火爆,景区赚得盆满钵溢。但是假日成为“堵日”,游客花钱“买”不开心,显然不是休假制度的本意。旅游专家刘思敏建议,恢复五一黄金周,增加其他法定假日时间,缓解旅游需求和景区供给之间的矛盾,道出了许多人的心声。
虽然从理论上讲,落实带薪休假制度比恢复五一长假更科学,但在民众带薪休假权利没有充分激活的情况下,恢复五一长假分流十一长假的压力,值得考虑。这不仅是为了满足人们出游的愿望,促进旅游业发展,缓解旅游需求和景区供给之间的矛盾,更是为了保护民众的休假权利。
自1999年实行长假制度以来,劳动者的假期多以长假形式体现出来。但随着时间的推移,拥挤不堪、浪费社会资源、打乱正常生活秩序—长假的弊端也逐步显现,主张以带薪休假取代长假就是其中代表声音。五一长假随之被取消,部分传统节日被设定为法定假日。推行带薪休假制度势在必行。清华大学教授蔡继明还主张彻底取消长假。从理论上讲,带薪休假取代长假可节约社会资源,民众也可自主选择休假时间,错开人流高峰,确实是个好制度。但是由于带薪休假落实不力,公众的无奈,必然转而对恢复五一长假的期待。

劳动法已经颁布18年,保护劳动者休假权利是已经说滥了的话题。尽管民众对带薪年休假充满权利热望,国家已经实施了带薪年休假制度,可每到法定节假日,员工“被加班”的报道总是不期而至。这说明了什么呢?虽说劳动者休假权利缩水,与劳动者自身维权意识不够有关。但是,由于法律执行力不够刚性,工会缺位,员工与企业之间权利地位不对称。带薪休假往往成了权利画饼。
尽管长假有点挤有点累,但看得见摸得着的长假,比虚无缥缈的带薪休假更让人心里踏实。再说,普通民众即使没钱在长假外出旅游观光,宅在家里看书充电,调适身心,与住在附近的亲友小聚,睡个懒觉,也有利于缓解工作压力。
因此,旅游专家建议恢复五一长假,实际上代表着民众对带薪休假落实不力的群体性焦虑,提醒有关部门重视民意。如果法律被尊重,带薪休假成了气候,到那时,即便没了十一长假,也无所谓了。

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